In the Scripture of Matthew 22: 15-22 we find the Herodians and Pharisees trying to discredit Jesus by asking him a series of questions. They assumed his answers would trap him. They chose taxes as the temptation for their trap. It appeared that no matter which side Jesus took, He would create problems for Himself and His ministry. If He opposed the tax, He would be in trouble with Rome. If He approved the tax, He would be in trouble with the Jews.
So they asked him, a simple question after they told Him that He was a truthful man; a man of great integrity. "Tell us, therefore, what do you think? Is it right to pay the imperial tax to Caesar or not?" He asked for a denarius, a Roman coin with the image of Caesar imprinted on it. Then he said to them, "So give back to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's." In other words, they could pay their taxes to Caesar (government) but not render to him their worship. God is the only One who deserves all the glory and worship. WORSHIP is the key word in this passage.
Caesar’s image was on the coin; God’s image is on each one of us (Gen. 1:26–27). Sin has stained that image, but through Jesus Christ, it can be restored (Eph. 4:24; Col. 3:10).